100 Dogs Who Changed Civilization: History's Most Influential Canines
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100 Dogs Who Made a Difference
If you don't believe that one dog has the power to alter civilization, then you've obviously never heard of Peritas (p. 166), the dog who saved Alexander the Great from being trampled by an elephant. Or Biche (p. 57), the Italian Greyhound who started a war between France and Russia. Or Urian (p. 74), the dog who bit Pope Clement VII and finalized England's break with the Catholic church. Or Peps and Fips (p. 96), the dogs who helped Richard Wagner compose his operas.
These are just five of the 100 Dogs Who Changed Civilization, and this book honors their extraordinary contributions to science, history, art, government, religion, and more. You'll meet a dog who ran for president of France (p. 79) and a dog who saved a movie studio (p. 115). You'll meet dogs who have inspired great works of literature (p. 92) and who were awarded medals for their wartime service (p. 158). You'll even meet a dog who became a real-estate mogul (p. 141). These beautifully illustrated true stories are a tribute to the intelligence, bravery, and loving nature of dogs all over the world.
propped on the steering wheel. Hepworth, crouching out of sight on the floorboards, did the actual driving. Today Rescued by Rover is remembered for two major reasons. For one thing, it pioneered some fairly sophisticated editing techniques that would soon become standard tools in all films. For another, it made Blair’s onscreen moniker a household word. Before the movie, almost no one called their dogs Rover. After it, so many people used the name, it became a cliché. BEAUTIFUL JOE THE
adventures—fighting for Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1824—that he died of fever. Among his many near-obsessive interests, Byron was a legendary lover of animals. He owned, at various times in his life, a badger, an eagle, a crocodile, a bear, and numerous other creatures. But no member of his vast menagerie was closer to his heart than a Newfoundland named Boatswain. For a time, the two were inseparable companions. When the dog contracted rabies, Byron cared for him personally,
who struck the original. Today Hachiko’s likeness still waits for his beloved master, unaware that his lonely vigil had important repercussions for his breed. During his lifetime, the Akita was sliding toward extinction. Now, thanks in part to the fame of its best-known representative, it is the national dog of Japan. Hachiko lives on in books and films, and can even be seen, stuffed, at the National Science Museum in Tokyo. ASHLEY WHIPPET THE MICHAEL JORDAN OF FRISBEE DOGS Dogs
appeared exhausted, as if barely able to drag himself onto dry land. In acting parlance, he nailed it. From that moment on, Pal was a star. As MGM studio head Louis B. Mayer reportedly said when he saw the footage, “Pal had entered the water, but Lassie had come out.” OSCAR THE DOG WHO BECAME AN INTERNET CELEBRITY In the digital age, worldwide fame comes quickly and easily. Even dogs can do it. One such canine Internet sensation was manufactured in 2006. The dog in question owed its
announcement on the social networking site Myspace.com stating that Oscar would be killed online. That did the trick. The story spread worldwide. Animal lovers bombarded the university with irate messages, and eventually the police looked into the matter. Oscar, just as the assignment outlined, was a star. However, the project’s original instructions stated that no threats of harm could be made against the pug. “Whoever did it got an F,” Adcenter managing director Rick Boyko told the Richmond