1967: Israel, the War, and the Year that Transformed the Middle East

1967: Israel, the War, and the Year that Transformed the Middle East

Tom Segev

Language: English

Pages: 688

ISBN: 0805070575

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

From Israel's leading historian, a sweeping history of 1967--the war, what led up to it, what came after, and how it changed everything
Tom Segev's acclaimed works One Palestine, Complete and The Seventh Million overturned accepted views of the history of Israel. Now, in 1967--a number-one bestseller in Hebrew--he brings his masterful skills to the watershed year when six days of war reshaped the country and the entire region.
Going far beyond a military account, Segev re-creates the crisis in Israel before 1967, showing how economic recession, a full grasp of the Holocaust's horrors, and the dire threats made by neighbor states combined to produce a climate of apocalypse. He depicts the country's bravado after its victory, the mood revealed in a popular joke in which one soldier says to his friend, "Let's take over Cairo"; the friend replies, "Then what shall we do in the afternoon?"
Drawing on unpublished letters and diaries, as well as government memos and military records, Segev reconstructs an era of new possibilities and tragic missteps. He introduces the legendary figures--Moshe Dayan, Golda Meir, Gamal Abdul Nasser, and Lyndon Johnson--and an epic cast of soldiers, lobbyists, refugees, and settlers. He reveals as never before Israel's intimacy with the White House as well as the political rivalries that sabotaged any chance of peace. Above all, he challenges the view that the war was inevitable, showing that a series of disastrous miscalculations lie behind the bloodshed.
A vibrant and original history, 1967 is sure to stand as the definitive account of that pivotal year.

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cease-fire, he could have just as easily seen this as reinforcing his original position that there was no need to attack.11 THE SECURITY CABINET CONVENED AT NINE ON FRIDAY MORNING. DAYAN ANNOUNCED that he had ordered the seizure of not only the northern part of the Golan, but the entire Golan Heights. He explained what he had just told Eshkol: Syria’s willingness to accept a cease-fire had created a new opportunity. He emphasized that Eshkol had given his authorization. Shapira proposed

coexistence was a false perception, or an optical illusion: Jerusalem was far from achieving “a peaceful routine,” not only because the Arabs opposed the occupation but also because most Israelis did not want them there. In a survey, the municipality found that approximately 85 percent of Jewish Jerusalemites believed the occupation of the east would mean an increase in crime and create severe social problems. Seventy-five percent feared that unification of the city would result in mixed

the Palestinians would emigrate, flee, or be deported over the years. Gavish pointed out that 400,000 Palestinians had left the West Bank in the past two decades; his colleagues reminded him that this figure included the 200,000 who had left in the most recent war. Gavish said there was no telling what would happen in the next one. Haim Bar-Lev cautiously said, “There may be a war that we do not want, but it will be imposed upon us, and it will offer another solution of sorts, the way some four

158; Teveth, The Curse of the Blessing, p. 167ff. 16. Board of Directors General, 16 Dec. 1967, ISA, 4608/GL-2 (support); Gazit, The Carrot and the Stick, p. 218 (summer visits). 17. The Committee for the West Bank, 19 July 1967, with the kind permission of Moshe Sasson. 18. Mining Supervisor to Deputy Minister of Defense, 19 Dec. 1967, ISA, 4608/GL-l; Shashar, The Seventh Day War, p. 114; Allon to Dayan, 13 Sept. 1967, ISA, 7921/A-3; Gazit, The Carrot and the Stick, p. 349ff. 19. Herzog

566–68, 574 Soldiers Talk and, 446 terrorism in, 580n, 581–83, 585. See also East Jerusalem; Gaza Strip; Golan Heights; Sinai Desert; West Bank Oded, 58 Ofer, Avraham, 48 Ofer, Zvi, 460–61 Ofir, Shaike, 322, 412, 415 Ohon, Haim Elimeleh, 248 Oistrakh, David, 29 Old City, Jerusalem, 167, 170–71, 174, 175, 179, 182, 299, 300, 301, 357, 432, 583 Ben-Gurion and plan for destruction of Old City walls, 449–50 Six-Day War, 350, 379–80, 402 Christian holy sites in, 463 free movements

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