A Monarchy of Letters: Royal Correspondence and English Diplomacy in the Reign of Elizabeth I (Queenship and Power)

A Monarchy of Letters: Royal Correspondence and English Diplomacy in the Reign of Elizabeth I (Queenship and Power)

Language: English

Pages: 251

ISBN: 1137008350

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


This book examines Elizabeth's correspondence with several significant rulers, analyzing how her letters were constructed, drafted and presented, the rhetorical strategies used, and the role these letters played in facilitating diplomatic relations.

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Scottish Queen that I do not know in what way I will satisfy her since I will not have given her any response for all this time 9781137008350_03_ch02.indd 23 3/15/2012 4:24:22 PM 24 A Monarchy of Letters nor do I know what I should now say. Therefore let there be found something good that I can give to Randolph in (his) written instructions and indicate your opinion to me in this matter.38 Elizabeth relied heavily on Cecil because of his academic training at Cambridge, his experience as

herself Soror et perpetua confederata [sister and perpetual ally], as by her letter you will see, so that on this point no doubt or difficulty need be raised, and I answer her in the same way.” Philip sent de Feria copies of Elizabeth’s letter and his reply, so that his ambassador would be “advertised of all.”17 De Feria had been hamstrung by the delay of Philip’s letter of credence and on December 29 urged him to write a letter in his own hand to Elizabeth, since the queen and her counselors

Ambassado[r] whosoever” at the Porte.75 His apprenticeship at the heart of Ottoman diplomacy also enabled him to advise Walsingham on diplomatic strategy. On August 15 (before his ambassadorial position was formally ratified) he suggested that Elizabeth send either a bribe of “3 or 4 Rubies or diamondes to the value of three or 4 thousand poundes” or a shipment “of merchandise w[i]th some ordinarie presentes of clothe.” He also suggested that she shouldn’t mention his appointment until the last

England in July 1593. J. B. Black has cynically suggested that Elizabeth’s shock was as disingenuous as Henry’s abjuration of Calvinism, since the possibility of his conversion had been mooted for several years.50 Yet the fact that Henry decided to send three high-ranking emissaries (including Jean de la Fin; his son Prégent de la Fin, vidame de Chartres; and Jean de Morlans) to convince Elizabeth that his friendship with her would remain unchanged suggests that he anticipated a bad reaction.

you,” and therefore had not wanted to annoy him with “my barbarous lines.” She prayed that God would protect him and hoped (with more than a touch of sarcasm) that he would have better friendship from the Spanish than she ever had.64 As always, Henry’s response was conciliatory and tactful, and he tried to dissolve the tension with some gentle teasing. In June 1599 he expressed mock anger at the late arrival of her new resident ambassador (Sir Henry Neville), “for the jealous that I have of your

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