Abnormal Child Psychology
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This book's thoughtful and accurate balance of developmental, clinical-diagnostic, and experimental approaches to child and adolescent psychopathology is accessible to a broad range of readers. Up-to-date and forward-looking, the book continues to provide the most authoritative, scholarly, and comprehensive coverage of these subjects, tracing the developmental course of each disorder and showing how biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors interact with a child's environment. Coverage includes the DSM-IV-TR and dimensional approaches to classification as well as evidence-based assessment and treatment, contemporary research, and the latest theories related to the predominantly inattentive ADHD subtype, early-onset and the developmental propensity model of conduct disorder, the triple vulnerability model of anxiety, the tripartite model in children, depression, and autism.
We next must ask: “How can we help Felicia reduce her feelings of depression and hopelessness, eliminate her sleep disturbances and other somatic complaints, increase her school attendance and performance, and improve her social skills and relationships with other children and her parents?” This is where intervention comes into play. How do we determine the best type of intervention for children like Felicia and for those with other problems? We will consider this question in some detail for each
ADHD and ODD (Coolidge, Thede, & Young, 2000). There is also evidence for a contribution from a shared environment, perhaps related to family adversity and deficits in parenting (Burt, Krueger, McGue, & Iacono, 2001). We discuss both ODD and CD in greater detail in Chapter 6. Anxiety Disorders T. J . Overactive and Anxious T. J. was first referred for help at age 6. He had been very active and impulsive since he was a toddler. His parents reported that he had trouble sleeping and would wake up
“Cookie Crunch” cereal (the last with extra sugar!). His mother, Peggy, “a hot shot substitute teacher,” wonders if she should stay at home more often so she can give Bobby more attention, a notion reinforced by Bobby’s father Hank who comments, “Well, it is called attention deficit disorder” (Kennedy, 2008). There has been a long-time controversy about the possibility that allergic reactions and diet are causes of ADHD. A popular view in the 1970s and 1980s was that food additives caused
the stabbing, Steve felt he was going to get beaten, because his father had a long history of physically abusing the boys. He fled to his grandfather’s house, took the car keys without permission, drove off, and crashed the car in a field. The police brought Steve to us. By all accounts, he had stabbed his father. And indeed he stole a car. (Based on Kazdin, A. E. (1995). Conduct disorders in childhood and adolescence (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage) Steve’s tragic family situation may evoke
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