Computers in Swedish Society: Documenting Early Use and Trends (History of Computing)
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This book reviews the shift in the historiography of computing from inventors and innovations to a user-perspective, and examines how the relevant sources can be created, collected, preserved, and disseminated. The text describes and evaluates a project in Sweden that documented the stories of around 700 people. The book also provides a critical discussion on the interpretation of oral evidence, presenting three case studies on how this evidence can inform us about the interaction of computing with large-scale transformations in economies, cultures, and societies. Features: describes a historiography aimed at addressing the question of how computing shaped and transformed Swedish society between 1950 and 1980; presents a user-centered perspective on the history of computing, after explaining the benefits of such an approach; examines the documentation of users, describing novel and innovative documentation methods; discusses the pros and cons of collaborative projects between academia and industry.
Technology 75 3.4 The Materiality and Geography of Computing 85 3.5 Conclusions 95 Appendices97 Appendix I: List of Created and Collected Sources97 Oral History Interviews (Recorded, Edited)97 Oral History Interviews (Recorded, Not Edited)104 Oral History Interviews (Not Recorded, Edited)105 Witness Seminars (Edited, Published)105 Witness Seminars (Edited, Not Published)109 Autobiographies (General Call)109 Autobiographies (Focused Calls)114 Writers’ Web Entries115 Appendix II: List
demonstrates how it can help us to examine career patterns, social networks, as well as the transdisciplinary, transsectorial, and transnational character of the flows of computing-related artifacts, expertise, and knowledge. The second case exemplifies how it can contribute to our understanding of how users adapted, modified, reconfigured, and resisted computing technology in order to fit their purposes and the intentions of their organizations. The third case discusses how it can inform us of
you sat in a queue outside, waiting. And there was often time left over and things like that.91 As the introductory example to this section suggests, users were constantly looking for more capacity and struggling for the purchase of larger, more powerful computers. In doing so, they had to adapt to what can be denoted the web of computing. Users flocked around the data processing centrals, which made up nodes in the web. The result was lots of traveling and working hours during late nights,
Stockholm, 14pp. No. 43: Björn Lundkvist, interview from 2007 by Julia Peralta, Div. of History of Science and Technology, KTH, Stockholm, 28pp. No. 44: Björn Nilsson, interview from 2007 by Julia Peralta, Div. of History of Science and Technology, KTH, Stockholm, 20pp. No. 45: Sven Inge, interview from 2007 by Anna Orrghen, School of Culture and Communication, Södertörn University, Stockholm, 24pp. No. 46: Kerstin Sjöberg, interview from 2007 by Isabelle Dussauge, Div. of History
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