Conversation and Gender
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Conversation analysts have begun to challenge long-cherished assumptions about the relationship between gender and language, asking new questions about the interactional study of gender and providing fresh insights into the ways it may be studied empirically. Drawing on a lively set of audio- and video-recorded materials of real-life interactions, including domestic telephone calls, children's play, mediation sessions, police-suspect interviews, psychiatric assessments and calls to telephone helplines, this volume is the first to showcase the latest thinking and cutting-edge research of an international group of scholars working on topics at the intersection of gender and conversation analysis. Theoretically, it pushes forward the boundaries of our understanding of the relationship between conversation and gender, charting new and exciting territory. Methodologically, it offers readers a clear, practical understanding of how to analyse gender using conversation analysis, by presenting detailed demonstrations of this method in use.
[.hh ] (.) Huh huh I’m a °girl° [haHAHAHA .hhhh ] [Yeah ye- d- what ] We might note in passing here the force of the other person references in this extract, which are also not gendered. So, at line 1, Penny’s ‘I’ simply means ‘I, the speaker’. At lines 2–3, Stan uses ‘you’ multiply in the course of his turn to refer to his recipient, and at line 4, he uses ‘me’ to refer to himself. Evidence that these simple, straightforward references are not hearably gendered, at least for the recipient, is
description (‘Australian woman’) as a repair and establishing it as an alternative, with further unspoken alternatives also possible. ‘Or something’ further implies a lack of commitment to the ostensible ‘repair solution’, because both descriptions, and perhaps others, remain viable. Extract 20 comes from a radio discussion, in which the speaker, a Member of the European Parliament, is discussing gender discrimination in the workplace. Extract 20 BBC Radio 4 Woman’s Hour 12.11.07 1 MEP: .hhh uh
time to diagnose, with formal diagnosis most commonly made by a rheumatologist. It is diagnosed about seven times more often in women than in men (Pellegrino, 1997: 7). Well over half of the calls in my data set are requests for information about fibromyalgia from newly diagnosed callers. The call-taker’s standard response is first to tell the caller how to obtain the FMA (UK) information pack (which involves sending an A5 stamped, addressed envelope to the organization’s office in Stourbridge),
first position is an initiating action, whereas in second position it tends to be a responsive action. As Schegloff (2007a) shows, this can get more interesting and complex through various expansions to the basic form (and see Heritage & Raymond, 2005, for some interesting insights into some of the implications of doing a tag question in first or second position). Initial analysis suggests that there are different types of turn-medial tag question. Some, like this one, occur at
Les: .hhh Well(g) (0.2) jus’ give me a ring later ’n see43 see if I’m still in the land a’ the living will you, Lesley reports Katherine’s request to be picked up on Monday, and reports her own initial response to this (line 2) – ‘Monday evening’s no good’ because it would be the same day that ‘Granny Anders’ needed to be picked up. Skip produces a delayed continuer (line 5), hearing that there may be more to come on this topic, but displaying a lack of enthusiastic commitment. Lesley then