Eastern Europe!: Everything You Need to Know About the History (and More) of a Region that Shaped Our World and Still Does

Eastern Europe!: Everything You Need to Know About the History (and More) of a Region that Shaped Our World and Still Does

Language: English

Pages: 624

ISBN: 0985062320

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

When the legendary Romulus killed his brother Remus and founded the city of Rome in 753 BCE, Plovdiv -- today the second-largest city in Bulgaria -- was already thousands of years old. Indeed, London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Madrid, Brussels, Amsterdam are all are mere infants compared to Plovdiv. This is just one of the paradoxes that haunts and defines the New Europe, that part of Europe that was freed from Soviet bondage in 1989 which is at once both much older than the modern Atlantic-facing power centers of Western Europe while also being in some ways much younger than them. Eastern Europe! is a brief and concise (but informative) introduction to Eastern Europe and its myriad customs and history. Even those knowledgeable about Western Europe often see Eastern Europe as terra incognita, with a sign on the border declaring "Here be monsters." This book is a gateway to understanding both what unites and separates Eastern Europeans from their Western brethren, and how this vital region has been shaped by, but has also left its mark on, Western Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and North Africa. Ideal for students, businesspeople, and those who simply want to know more about where Grandma or Grandpa came from, Eastern Europe! is a user-friendly guide to a region that is all too often mischaracterized as remote, insular, and superstitious.

Illustrations throughout include: 40 photos, 40 maps and 40 figures (tables, charts, etc.)

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Italy in April 1915 by Croatian lawyer Ante Trumbić (AHN–teh TROOM-beetch), and it quickly got the Allies’ attention through its lobbying and fundraising capabilities. Anton Korešec (KOR-eh-shets) led similar efforts in Habsburg Slovenia. Trumbić secured an agreement with Serbia for a postwar Yugoslav state in June 1917 at Corfu (Greece). As Habsburg administration collapsed in October 1918, Trumbić and Korešec formed a Yugoslav government in Zagreb, which then moved to Belgrade as Serbian and

Romania’s population in 1920–40). Relations with neighboring Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union were strained at best in the interwar years, leaving the country (and region) vulnerable later to meddling by Hitler’s Germany. Like other superstates in the region—neighboring Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and Poland—Romania’s successes after World War I only encouraged enemies within and without to plot against it. The reality is that history has haunted the so-called “winners” of the

bishop—where the church was legalized and eventually made the official Roman state religion—the head? Throughout the 4th and 5th centuries after the split, the Western half declined rapidly until it finally ceased to exist in 476. The city of Rome had deteriorated so much that even the last few Western Roman emperors abandoned it and ruled from Milan or Ravenna in northern Italy. The Eastern Roman Empire continued to thrive, however. For a while the Christian bishop of Rome (i.e., the Pope)

and West—and the United States signed the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, or the Helsinki Accords for short. The accords were designed to ease tensions across Cold War Europe. 56. “Why the Berlin Wall was Built,” The Berlin Wall Online (www.dailysoft.com/berlinwall), accessed July 15, 2010. 57. , Russian for “Openness.” 58. , Russian for “Restructuring” or “Reforming.” 59. As quoted in an entry in Georgi Dimitrov’s private journal (Dimitrov, 2003: p. 116),

hospitals and train stations; Łukasiewicz quickly became a rich man. Łukasiewicz had given birth to the modern-day oil refining industry, but while his oil refineries made him rich they were small scale. Prospectors further south in the Carpathians realized they too had black, gooey stuff coming out of the ground and so, with American funding, the world’s first large-scale oil refinery was built in Ploieşti (PLOY-esh-tee), in Wallachia, in 1857, the largest in Europe until the early 20th

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