Empires and Boundaries: Rethinking Race, Class, and Gender in Colonial Settings
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Empires and Boundaries: Rethinking Race, Class, and Gender in Colonial Settings is an exciting collection of original essays exploring the meaning and existence of conflicting and coexisting hierarchies in colonial settings. With investigations into the colonial past of a diversity of regions – including South Asia, South-East Asia, and Africa – the dozen notable international scholars collected here offer a truly inter-disciplinary approach to understanding the structures and workings of power in British, French, Dutch, German, and Italian colonial contexts.
Integrating a historical approach with perspectives and theoretical tools specific to disciplines such as social anthropology, literary and film studies, and gender studies, Empires and Boundaries: Rethinking Race, Class, and Gender in Colonial Settings, is a striking and ambitious contribution to the scholarship of imperialism and post-colonialism and an essential read for anyone interested in the revolution being undergone in these fields of study.
Press, 2002); Phillip Darby, The Fiction of Imperialism: Reading Between International Relations and Postcolonialism (London/Washington, DC: Cassell, 1998); Gail Ching–Liang Low, White Skins/Black Masks: Representation and Colonialism (London-New York: Routledge, 1996); Edward W. Said, Culture and Imperialism (New York: Knopf, 1993); Thomas R. Metcalf, An Imperial Vision: Indian Architecture and Britain’s Raj (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989); John M. Mackenzie, ed., Imperialism
Lethbridge, Ins-Genl. of Jails, Bengal to the Secy. to GoBeng, Judl. Dept., 12 February 1880. Mouat, “On Prison Discipline and Statistics in Lower Bengal,” 1872, 87. Ibid. The heading alludes to David R Roediger, The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class (London: Verso, 1991). The Times, 13 February 1872, 5. NAI, GoI, Home Dept. Progs., Judl., A–60–61, 5th August 1871, “Laxity of Discipline at Port Blair as Disclosed at the Trial of J. Devine for Murder,” Letter
Empire, as analyzed in Harald Fischer-Tiné’s (Chapter 3, this volume) “Hierarchies of Punishment in Colonial India: European Convicts and the Racial Dividend, c. 1860–1890.” Transferring R. W. Cornell’s concept of marginal masculinities and the patriarchal dividend to the idea of subaltern Whites in the colonial hierarchy, Fischer-Tiné proposes the model of the ‘racial dividend’ to precisely assess how poor Whites benefited from the situation coloniale despite their marginalization in terms of
insistence that all of the empire remain under French sovereignty—and the willingness to erase long-lasting distinctions were both part of the imperial perspective of the French state, an adjustment of the balance of incorporation and difference. Most important, the debate over the structure of the French Union was not stuck in a dichotomy of self-determining nation-state versus colonial empire. How principles of equality—of civil rights, political voice, and economic wellbeing—would conjugate
Générale des Colonies, was set up in France in 1919 to censor pictorial material along ideological 148 Claudia Gronemann lines, and it was here that eighty percent of the pictures used in the French colonies originated. 5 So the visual construction of the ‘other’ is a fundamental part of the colonial strategy, no less important than the military conquest because laying siege to a foreign territory presupposes some sort of legitimation.6 The conquerors bestow this upon themselves in a