Ethnography Essentials: Designing, Conducting, and Presenting Your Research
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A comprehensive and practical guide to ethnographic research, this book guides you through the process, starting with the fundamentals of choosing and proposing a topic and selecting a research design. It describes methods of data collection (taking notes, participant observation, interviewing, identifying themes and issues, creating ethnographic maps and tables and charts, and referring to secondary sources) and analyzing and writing ethnography (sorting and coding data, answering questions, choosing a presentation style, and assembling the ethnography). Although content is focused on producing written ethnography, many of the principles and methods discussed here also apply to other forms of ethnographic presentation, including ethnographic film.
Designed to give basic hands-on experience in the overall ethnography research process, Ethnography Essentials covers a wealth of topics, enabling anyone new to ethnography research to successfully explore the excitement and challenges of field research.
tone, and voice in ethnographic writing • Decide between relatively formal and informal approaches to ethnographic writing and presentation In order to produce the best final ethnography possible, you must find the most appropriate style of presentation. Once you have done the work of analysis and identified key themes and moments as well as areas of particular significance in the ethnographic record, the next step involves matching these components to a style of presentation. The subject
Hodgson, Dorothy L. 2004. Once intrepid warriors: Gender, ethnicity, and the cultural politics of Maasai development. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Hurston, Zora Neale. 1990a. Mules and men.New York: Perennial Library. ———. 1990b. Tell my horse: Voodoo and life in Haiti and Jamaica.New York: Perennial Library. Hutchinson, Sharon Elaine. 1996. Nuer dilemmas: Coping with money, war, and the state.Berkeley: University of California Press. Katz, Pearl. 1999. The scalpel’s edge: The
checking the answers to research, ; descriptive; ethnographic storytelling and answering; follow-up ; good versus bad interview; hypotheses relationship to research; interview use of hypothetical; linking methods and research; open-ended vs. closed-ended; project’s answering of intellectual; research plan on how to use; revising your research; that shouldn’t or can’t be asked; turning an idea or topic into research R Real Country (Fox) “Real” culture or society Recommendations
be aware of signs of repetition from the outset. Paying attention to repetition will help you function more effectively as a participant-observer; the more quickly you are able to learn and adopt shared practices and customs like greetings, hospitality, and polite manners, the more likely you are to find an important degree of acceptance and rapport. Much of this learning occurs through observation of repetitive practices, imitation, and a bit of trial and error. In situations where you come to a
for specific purposes, including personal communication and record keeping, institutional record keeping, affairs of business and government, and various other purposes. In order to use and analyze these artifacts, you must be prepared to think about how they are similar to and different from other sources of information on which you rely. You are actively involved in the research activities that produce the ethnographic record, but the cultural artifacts typically exist independent of you and