From Marx to Mao Tse-Tung: A Study in Revolutionary Dialectics

From Marx to Mao Tse-Tung: A Study in Revolutionary Dialectics

George Thomson

Language: English

Pages: 96

ISBN: 0950201502

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


George Thomson, Professor of Greek at the University of Birmingham, prints this book from the China Policy Study Group. This is a Marxist study of the Russian Revolution of
1917 and the Chinese Revolution of 1949, designed to demonstrate their unity and continuity as two successive stages in a continuous process.

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and, Germany. (Quoted in SCW 8.z6o, cf. 7.n7.) In the final draft of the Manifesto the idea of 'simultaneous revolution' was not mentioned. The authors confined their attention to the situation in Germany, where the bourgeois revolufion had not yet taken communist revolution place : The Communists turn their attention chiefly to Germany, because that country is on the eve of a bourgeois revolution that is bound to be carried out under more advanced conditions of European civilisation, and

store of knowledge and the wider political outlook which he finds amonq Social-Democratic intellectuals. But, as we proceed with the building of a real Party, the classconscious worker must learn to distinguish the mentality of the soldier of the proletarian armv from the mentality of the bourgeois intellectual who parades anarchistic phrases I he must learn to insist that the duties of the Party member be fulfilled not only by the rank and file but by the 'people at tlre top' as well. (LCW 7

intervene (LCW 27.92, SCW 6.r62); and later, when they did intervene, they were hampered by the opposition of their own workers-revolutionary uprisings in Hungary and Germany, actions in support of the Bolsheviks in France and Britain (LCW 3o.386, 33.145, SCW 6.39r). Thanks to these political factors, the revolution survived. But then, as it passed from the struggle for power to socialist construction, the backwardness of Tsarism became a major obstacle : The more backward the country which,

never cease fighting against the kulaks. For only iby applying this slogan can the main mass of the peasantry be drawn into the channel of socialist construction. (SCW r l.ror.) tJnder Stalin's leadership these tasks were accomIn a backward country, ruined by war and civil war, surounded by enernies, a socialist state was created, the first in the world, with a modern industry, plished. modern agriculture, and a modern army strong enough to withstand and destroy the armed might of fascist

syndicalism) and Right bpportunisrn (reformism and revisionism) respectively : History tells us that correct political and military lines do not emerge and develop spontaneously and tranquilly, but only in the course of struggle' These r6 i i ji li ll tl l li lt lines must combat 'Left' opportunism on the one hand and Right opportunism on trhe other. Without combating and overcoming these harmful tendencies, which damage the revolution and the revolutionary war, it would be impossible to

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