From the Shadows: The Ultimate Insider's Story of Five Presidents and How They Won the Cold War
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From a former director of the CIA, and one who served on the White House staffs of four presidents, this is the inside story of America's and the agency's roles in the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
America at the end of November, CIA had in Nicaragua more than 3,500 fighters—2,300 operating out of Honduras, nine hundred Miskito Indians, and some five hundred under Pastora in Costa Rica and southeastern Nicaragua. Compliments on Dewey Clarridge’s operational achievement notwithstanding (there were few of those from the Hill), Casey’s political strategy for blocking the Boland Amendment—prohibiting CIA from trying to overthrow the Nicaraguan government—failed and, on December 8, the
the Senate Intelligence Committee hearing room, S-219, a bit uneasy but fairly confident that I had acted properly at each step of the way. What I was unprepared for as I entered the hallway leading to the hearing room was the media frenzy. This was a first for me. Scores of photographers, TV cameramen, and reporters shouting and stumbling over one another. Surrounded by security officers, I felt as if I were being taken to the dock for trial—the only thing missing was the handcuffs. It was
Third World at the time the assessments were prepared. On Soviet involvement with international terrorism, in retrospect, if anything, we now know CIA understated Moscow’s role. In sum, CIA made an important contribution to victory in the Cold War. The American sword in the surrogate wars of the Third World, a source of help and sustenance for dissidents and oppositionists in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, worldwide purveyor of the realities of Soviet repression and subversion, gatherer of
179, 557–58 Casey appointed by, 192–93 Casey’s relationship with, 218–19 Central America and, 242, 243, 297, 301–2 Clark’s view of, 281–82 Contra funding and, 242–43, 245 Doctrine of, 256, 339 election of, 190–91 “evil empire” speech of, 262–63, 266 foreign policy practice of, 194 Geneva Summit briefing of, 343–345 Gorbachev’s correspondence with, 340, 345, 365 Grenada operation and, 275 Gromyko’s meeting with, 325 INF and, 280 Iran-Contra and, 392, 396, 397, 420, 421 KAL
December 15, until we gathered just before nine in the Roosevelt Room just outside the Oval Office to watch the President make his announcement. By now the other staff know something really big is up since the television networks need several hours’ notice to set up for an Oval Office telecast, and the curiosity about the subject is intense. Usually someone too eager to show off his “insider” status by an hour or so before the announcement will have leaked at least the subject, and then the