Gardner's Art Through the Ages: A Concise Western History (2nd Edition)

Gardner's Art Through the Ages: A Concise Western History (2nd Edition)

Fred S. Kleiner

Language: English

Pages: 505


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Featuring unique NEW study tools for students and dynamic NEW lecture resources for instructors, GARDNER'S ART THROUGH THE AGES: A CONCISE WESTERN HISTORY, Second Edition takes this brilliant bestseller to new heights in addressing the challenges of today's classroom. It is specifically designed for the one-semester survey. The second edition adds to this heritage with new images and new full-color reconstructions, as well as a unique "scale" feature that helps students visualize the size of each work.

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dynasty, art, literature, and learning sprang to life once again. Basil I (r. 867–886), head of the new line of emperors, thought of himself as the restorer of the Roman Empire. He denounced as usurpers the Frankish Carolingian monarchs of the West (see Chapter 6) who, since 800, had claimed the title “Roman Empire” for their realm. Basil bluntly reminded their emissary that the only true Emperor of Rome reigned in Constantinople. They were not Roman emperors but merely “kings of the Germans.”

Daphni Basil I and his immediate successors undertook the laborious and costly task of refurbishing the churches the iconoclasts had defaced and neglected, but they initiated little new church construction. In the 10th century and through the 12th, however, a number of monastic churches arose that are the flowers of Middle Byzantine architecture. They feature a brilliant series of variations on the domed central plan. B yz anti ne Art Copyright 2009 Cengage Learning, Inc. All Rights Reserved. May

life). Unlike the Egyptians, who painted in fresco secco (dry fresco), the Minoans coated the rough fabric of their rubble walls with a fi ne white lime plaster and used a true (wet) fresco method (see “Fresco Painting,” Chapter 7, page 208). The Minoan frescoes required rapid execution and great skill. 50 CHAP T ER 2 The most famous fresco (FIG. 2-5) from the palace at Knossos depicts the Minoan ceremony of bull-leaping. Only fragments of the full composition survive. (The dark patches are

in whole or in part. 123 Religion and Mythology The Life of Jesus in Art Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the son of God, the Messiah (Savior, Christ) of the Jews prophesied in the Old Testament. His life— from his miraculous birth from the womb of a virgin mother through his preaching and miracle working to his execution by the Romans and subsequent ascent to Heaven—has been the subject of countless artworks from Roman times through the present day. Although many of the events

clergy, not the congregation. The laity, segregated by gender, watched from the shadows of the aisles and galleries, restrained in Dome on pendentives 0 0 25 10 50 75 20 Apse 100 feet N 30 meters 4-12 A NTHEMIUS OF TRALLES and ISIDORUS M ILETUS, plan (top) and restored cutaway view (bottom) of Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey, 532–537 (John Burge). OF In Hagia Sophia, Justinian’s architects succeeded in fusing two previously independent architectural traditions: the

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