Inclusion and Democracy (Oxford Political Theory)

Inclusion and Democracy (Oxford Political Theory)

Iris Marion Young

Language: English

Pages: 320

ISBN: 0198297556

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This controversial new look at democracy in a multicultural society considers the ideals of political inclusion and exclusion, and recommends ways to engage in democratic politics in a more inclusive way. Processes of debate and decision making often marginalize individuals and groups because the norms of political discussion are biased against some forms of expression. Inclusion and Democracy broadens our understanding of democratic communication by reflecting on the positive political functions of narrative, rhetorically situated appeals, and public protest. It reconstructs concepts of civil society and public sphere as enacting such plural forms of communication among debating citizens in large-scale societies. Iris Marion Young thoroughly discusses class, race, and gender bias in democratic processes, and argues that the scope of a polity should extend as wide as the scope of social and economic interactions that raise issues of justice. Today this implies the need for global democratic institutions. Young also contends that due to processes of residential segregation and the design of municipal jurisdictions, metropolitan governments which preserve significant local autonomy may be necessary to promote political equality. This latest work from one of the world's leading political philosophers will appeal to audiences from a variety of fields, including philosophy, political science, women's studies, ethnic studies, sociology, and communications studies.

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movement activists such as Zapatistas and scholars of international relations appeal to expanded activities of an international civil society as a means for citizens to respond to the economic powers that transcend states. People organized across borders can expose the power of transnational economic actors and work to develop and strengthen democratic international regulation and co-operation. Both within and across societies, strengthening the associative life of civil society for the sake of

several problems, especially for a theoretical stance that aims to flesh out the intuition that democratic process ought sometimes to be connected to an interest in justice.6 First, in this description of democratic process, we take individuals’ preferences, whatever they happen to be, as given. There is no account of their origins; they may have been arrived at by whim, reasoning, faith, or fear that others will carry out a threat. While some preferences may be motivated by self-interest, others

REGIONAL DEMOCRACY 154 157 164 167 180 188 196 1. Residential Racial Segregation 2. The Wrongs of Segregation 3. Residential Class Segregation 4. Critique of an Ideal of Integration 5. Alternative Ideal: Differentiated Solidarity 6. Local Participation and Regional Governance 198 204 210 216 221 228 7. SELF-DETERMINATION AND GLOBAL DEMOCRACY 236 1. The Nation-State and Obligations of Justice 2. Trans-border Justice and Global Governance 3. Recognition of Distinct Peoples without

disagreement with, or criticism and judgement of, the actions and opinions of others in terms that imply that one’s opponents are less than human or that their views do not deserve an equal hearing because of who they are—as long as they are willing to listen in turn. Thus ‘hate speech’ aimed at denigrating the persons or affiliations of some members of the polity, or which threatens them with violence or aims to incite violence against or harassment of some members of the polity, is rightly

the next chapter outlines a theory of how civil society contributes to inclusive communicative democracy. 41 See Michael J. Garland and Romana Hasraen, ‘Community Responsibility and the Development of Oregon’s Health Care Priorities’, Business and Professional Ethics Journal, 9/3 and 4 (Fall 1990), 183–200. CHAPTER 5 Civil Society and its Limits Recent interest by political theorists in the concept and practices of civil society has been spurred by the revolutionary events in eastern Europe,

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