Insurrection: Henry VIII, Thomas Cromwell and the Pilgrimage of Grace

Insurrection: Henry VIII, Thomas Cromwell and the Pilgrimage of Grace

Susan Loughlin

Language: English

Pages: 224

ISBN: 0750967331

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Autumn 1536. Both Katherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn are dead. Henry VIII has married Jane Seymour, and still awaits his longed-for male heir. Disaffected conservatives in England may have seen an opportunity for a return to Rome and an end to religious experimentation. However, Thomas Cromwell has other ideas. In August, the Lutheran influenced Ten Articles of the Anglican Church was published and the dissolution of the monasteries had started. The obstinate monarch, enticed by monastic wealth, is determined not to change course. Fear and resentment has been unleashed in northern England in the largest, spontaneous uprising against a Tudor monarch. That rebellion is the Pilgrimage of Grace, in which 30,000 men have taken up arms against the king. This book reviews the evidence for that opposition and examines the abundant examples of religiously motivated dissent. It also highlights the rhetoric, reward and retribution used by the Crown to enforce its policy.

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University Press, 1992). Bernard, G.W., ‘The Making of Religious Policy, 1533–46: Henry VIII and the Search for the Middle Way’, The Historical Journal, Vol. 41, No 2 (June 1998), pp.321–49. Bernard, G.W., Power and Politics in Tudor England (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000). Bindoff, S.T., History of Parliament, The Commons 1509–1558 (London: Secker & Warburg, 1982). Block, Joseph, ‘Thomas Cromwell’s Patronage of Preaching’, The Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. 8, No 1 (April 1977), pp.37–50.

A.G., ‘Robert Parkyn’s Narrative of the Reformation’, LXII (CCVLII), The English Historical Review, l 62, 242 (January 1947), pp.58–83. Dickens, A.G., ‘Secular & Religious Motivation in the Pilgrimage of Grace’, Reformation Studies (London: Hambledon Press, 1982) pp.57–82. Dickens, A.G., & D. Carr, The Reformation in England: To the Accession of Elizabeth I (London: Arnold, 1967). Dodds, Madeleine Hope, & Ruth Dodds, The Pilgrimage of Grace 1536–37, and the Exeter Conspiracy 1538 (Cambridge

England, Basingstoke, 1997, pp.4, 11, 24 & 45. 37    Hoyle, The Pilgrimage of Grace and the Politics of the 1530s, p.39; Gunn, Grummitt & Cools, War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands, p.317. 38    Loades. Power in Tudor England, pp.123–4. 39    Ibid., p.32. 40    Ibid., p.30. 41    Ibid., p.31. 42    Steven G. Ellis, Tudor Frontiers and Noble Power: The Making of the British State, Oxford, 1995, pp.15, 20, 40, 41, 47 & 48. 2 The Pilgrimage of Grace: A Holy Crusade? A

the rebels had no artillery to besiege it and the king’s army was not far off. He was also asked about the badges of the Five Wounds and whether or not they had been newly made or were left over from his time in Spain.71 Their answers to each specific point are not recorded at this juncture. Hussey, however, stated that he was not privy to the rebels’ acts and had not led them.72 Aske was examined in the Tower of London on 11 April before Dr Leigh, Dr Petre and the Lieutenant of the Tower.

to ill health and the blind.5 In a similar fashion, Thomas Lever preached a sermon at St Paul’s on 2 February 1550. Speaking about the dissolutions, which had been necessary because the monasteries were idle, superstitious and indulged in vain ceremonies, he lamented what had been done with the abundance of goods resulting from the closures: ‘Howbeit covetous officers have so used this matter, that even those goods which did seem for the relief of the poor, the maintenance of learning, and to

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