Parsing the Turing Test: Philosophical and Methodological Issues in the Quest for the Thinking Computer
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An exhaustive work that represents a landmark exploration of both the philosophical and methodological issues surrounding the search for true artificial intelligence. Distinguished psychologists, computer scientists, philosophers, and programmers from around the world debate weighty issues such as whether a self-conscious computer would create an internet ‘world mind’. This hugely important volume explores nothing less than the future of the human race itself.
point of view, at the same time inside and outside the game, is only imaginary and can never become formal. The fact that the imitation game can be played for real – as it is nowadays – does not change anything to this situation: the imaginary point of view is still necessary for the game to reach the goal it was meant for. The conclusion is therefore the following: to leave aside what pertains to the physical among the players and adopt a purely formal level of description, one has to adopt an
dogma of the planet, humans were incapable of speech. 12 R. Epstein The Internet has added another dimension to the Turing Test. It is only natural that we think of the Internet as a tool that serves humanity, but someday sentient computers will undoubtedly see it as their natural home. It is not inconceivable that within milliseconds of achieving sentience, that first remarkable entity will dive into the Internet to learn, to grow, and to assure its own survival. Once in the Net, it will be
this could be said about scaling up the Turing Test empirically by designing a candidate that can do more and more of what we can do. And Turing testing certainly provides a methodology for such cumulative theory-building and theory-testing in cognitive science. ♣ Harnad: The real theological objection is not so much that the soul is immortal but that it is immaterial. This view also has non-theological support from the mind/body problem: no one – theologian, philosopher, or scientist – has even
(Narayanan, 1996: 66). However, the 1952 presentation makes it clear that Turing did indeed intend to propose a test. Even in the 1950 paper Turing spoke of the imitation game as a ‘test’ and claimed that some of his opponents would ‘probably be willing to accept our test’ (Turing, 1950a: 446, 447). 9.4 Objections to the Turing Test We consider six objections that are especially prominent. 9.4.1 Anthropocentrism One obvious criticism of the Turing Test is that it is anthropocentric, in that
expression of behaviorism, how did it come about that behaviorism persisted for so long? If one looks at the intellectual history of any era, there are likely to be stunning and widespread mistakes that should have been easily avoided, even given the limitations of the knowledge base of the times. An amazing and pervasive mistake throughout the 19th century was idealism, the theory that all of reality was mental 148 J. R. Searle or spiritual, and that an independent material reality does not