Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale: Women in the International Division of Labour (Critique. Influence. Change.)
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First published in 1986, Maria Mies’s progressive book was hailed as a major paradigm shift for feminist theory, and it remains a major contribution to development theory and practice today.
Tracing the social origins of the sexual division of labour, it offers a history of the related processes of colonization and 'housewifization' and extends this analysis to the contemporary new international division of labour. Mies's theory of capitalist patriarchy has become even more relevant today.
This new edition includes a substantial new introduction in which she both applies her theory to the new globalized world and answers her critics.
the murder of such 'economically productive' women? Moreover, I know several unmarried Indian women who seek employ159 Patriarchy and Capital Accumulation ment in order to save the income to get a dowry together for themselves because their fathers are too poor or have too many girls. I would suspect that more and more 'earning women' will be asked by their own families to earn the dowry herself which is necessary for her to be delivered from the odium of spinsterhood. We have also learnt from
these films, but kissing is not allowed by the censors. The maintenance of this contradiction is not only a moral issue, but is closely related to the specific type of capitalist development in India. Films and sex are growth industries in India. The surplus generated through the exploitation of rural labour, for example, in the Green Revolution areas, is not invested productively to give people work and better wages; it is rather exported to the cities and invested in cinemas, the factories of
also have to be sold. In the marketing strategies of the Western and Japanese corporations which are thriving on the export-oriented production in Third World countries, Western women play a crucial role, too, but this time not as producers, but as consumers, as housewives, mothers and sex objects. As producers, women in Europe and the US were the first to be fired as a consequence of this new IDL. They lost their jobs in textile industries and electric industries. When Philipps in Eindhoven in
programs of this kind will yield very high economic returns (E.K. Hawkins, 1968). Finally, the various UN organizations were successfully convinced that the 'population explosion' was the number one problem in underdeveloped countries, and that family planning programmes had to be added to their other activities. Even the International Labour Office began to introduce family planning into its policy for underdeveloped countries. From 1970 to 1979, the annual expenditure of the ILO for population
use and strengthening of patriarchal or sexist attitudes. Already in 1968 William McElroy, in a controversy with Kinglsey Davis who advocated compulsion, said: 'In most societies male babies are more desirable than females and if the male were the first offspring, the motivation for having additional offspring would be reduced' (McElroy, 1968, quoted in Mass, 1975: 22). In 1973, the biologist Postgate goes a step further in deliberately advocating sex selection as a method of population control.