Philosophy of Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)
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José Luis Bermúdez introduces the philosophy of psychology as an interdisciplinary exploration of the nature and mechanisms of cognition. Philosophy of Psychology charts out four influential 'pictures of the mind' and uses them to explore central topics in the philosophical foundations of psychology, including the relation between different levels of studying the mind/brain; the nature and scope of psychological explanation; the architecture of cognition; and the relation between thought and language.
Chapters cover all the core concepts, including:
- models of psychological explanation
- the nature of commonsense psychology
- arguments for the autonomy of psychology
- functionalist approaches to cognition
- computational models of the mind
- neural network modeling
- rationality and mental causation
- perception, action and cognition
- the language of thought and the architecture of cognition.
Philosophy of Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction is a very clear and well-structured textbook from one of the leaders in the field.
concerns the animate in nature whereas the latter does not. Even so, these two grounds have frequently been combined in Copyrighted Material 1 52 CHAPTER 1 1 psychology, as when Hull ( 1 937) suggested that the same (efficiently-caused) laws directing the actions of a raindrop directed the actions of a human being (p. 2). But more generally, Bios theo ries advance a process like genetics or a mediating organic "system" that moves its contents (i.e., behavioral acts) around entirely without
Further, I recom mend that a psychologist, in any one theoretical effort, do his or her explaining solely within the aegis of a single ground, instead of mixing grounds together. This too is not a dictum. But it is my belief that psychologists muddle things when they borrow from different grounds in the same theoret ical effort (for examples, see ibid.). We often hear the "unity of science" being trum peted, particularly as it applies to the physical sci ences. What is overlooked here is that
may attempt to capture more of the physico-chemical properties of actual neurons. In either case, these systems tend to return to an older tradition that sees no need for a symbolic level of theorizing above the neurological level. Until such time as the con nectionist and other network models are able to handle a range of complex cognitive tasks compa rable to those already explained by the symbol level theories, there does not seem to be much point in trying to resolve this issue. There is
resemble the processes they used to make their discoveries? There is cer Formulating problems and providing them with effective representations is often mentioned as an important kind of creativity. We have already had tainly no way in which we can test such simula at least a glimpse, in the example of the mutilated tions with the time resolution that is available when checkboard, of how new representations might be we can take verbal protocols. discovered that would make a difficult
wrote Huckleberry Finn." We cannot predict that he will also accept, "Samuel Clemens wrote Huckleberry Finn." He might ifhe accepts "Mark Twain is Samuel Clem ens"; but there is no guarantee even ofthat. Copyrighted Material BEHAVIORISM AS OPPOSITION TO CARTESIANISM This case is, of course, trivial; but there are plenty of important examples. Consider, again, the Catholic's sincere assertion that the wine and wafer are the blood and body of Christ. Does the Catholic truly believe this? Or