Plato's Republic: A Dialogue in 16 Chapters
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Plato's Republic is one of the best-known and most widely-discussed texts in the history of philosophy. But how might we get to the heart of this work today, 2,500 years after its original composition? Alain Badiou breathes life into Plato's landmark text and revives its universality. Rather than producing yet another critical commentary, he has instead worked closely on the original Greek and, through spectacular changes, adapted it to our times. In this innovative reimagining of Plato's work, Badiou has removed all references specific to ancient Greek society -- from lengthy exchanges about moral courage in archaic poetry to political considerations mainly of interest to the aristocratic elite -- and has expanded the range of cultural references. Here, philosophy is firing on all cylinders: Socrates and his companions are joined by Beckett, Pessoa, Freud, and Hegel, among others. Together these thinkers demonstrate that true philosophy endures, ready to absorb new horizons without changing its essence.
Moreover, Badiou -- who is also a dramatist -- has transformed the Socratic dialogue into a genuine oratorial contest. In his version of the Republic, the interlocutors do much more than simply agree with Socrates. They argue, stand up to him, put him on the spot, and show thought in motion. In this work of dramatic scholarship and philosophy, we encounter a modern version of Plato's text that is alive, stimulating, and directly relevant to our own world.
former he only allows to calculate his fortune and consider how to increase it. As for the latter, it may only admire and revere wealth and the wealthy and, where fame is concerned, just stick to the wealth already amassed and the means for acquiring even more. –He plunges, recapped Glaucon a tad pedantically, from the loftiest ambition to the most abject avarice. He’s thus formatted for an oligarchic computer. –Let’s examine in detail what you call his “formatting” – which, being less
grandstanding on television as if they were the great benefactors of a liberal society is the last straw. Galled by the flaunting of these people’s “newfound wealth” and the ubiquitous publicity showered day after day on people with fabulous fortunes, the entire middle class, its members having slowly become paupers, is ready to give in to political adventurism. –There’s nothing worse, said Glaucon sententiously, than devoting your whole life to the bountiful joys of the market only to end up
Handling of Contradictions among the People” (February 27, 1957), Mao stated: “We stand firmly for peace and against war. But if the imperialists insist on unleashing another war, we should not be afraid of it. Our attitude on this question is the same as our attitude towards any disturbance: first, we are against it; second, we are not afraid of it” (available at http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-5/mswv5_58.htm). NOTES TO CHAPTER 7 1 “All things
to perfect injustice, the sort that bestows the greatest happiness on the most dreadful scoundrels and plunges their victims, whose conscience won’t allow them to become immoral in any way, into horrible, hopeless misery. This pure form of injustice is nothing other than tyranny. The tyrant’s not stingy with his injustice! On the contrary, he appropriates other people’s property on a grand scale, through force and cunning. He grabs everything in sight, making no distinction between public and
gods to disregard our transgressions and wicked acts and to spare us punishment altogether. –But in the Underworld, Glaucon pressed on without losing his cool, we’ll have to pay for the wrong we did in this world and we’ll be punished – or, worse yet, the children of our children will be. –Dear brother, try to reason like a free-thinker, like a real unbeliever, for once. Being initiated into mystery rites and about the gods of absolution can have a lot of influence over those tribunals in the