Putting Psychology in its Place: Critical Historical Perspectives (3rd Edition)
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The third edition of Putting Psychology In Its Place builds on the previous two editions, introducing the history of Psychology and placing the discipline within a historical context. It aims both to answer and raise questions about the role of Psychology in modern society, by critically examining issues such as how Psychology developed, why psychoanalysis had such an impact and how the discipline has changed to deal with contemporary social issues such as religion, race and gender.
This new third edition contains two completely new chapters: "Emotion: The Problem or the Whole Point?" and "Funding and Institutional Factors." An expanded epilogue<STRIKE> </STRIKE>has also been added which incorporates a discussion of the conceptual issues raised in the book and the volume now corresponds with the new BPS requirements for undergraduate courses. Other chapters, including those on Psychology and the Brain, Social Psychology and the Psychology of Madness, as well as those on gender, religion and race, have been substantially revised.
Putting Psychology In Its Place is imaginatively written and accessible to all. It is an invaluable introductory text for undergraduate students of the history of Psychology and will also appeal to postgraduates, academics and anyone interested in Psychology or the history of science.
developed in Britain by Bishop Berkeley, F. Hutcheson, the Scottish sceptic David Hume and David Hartley during the first half of the eighteenth century, to reach its final form in the work of James and John Stuart Mill in the nineteenth century. This also enormously influenced radical eighteenth-century French materialist philosophers such as E.B. de Condillac, O. de La Mettrie, Baron D’Holbach and C.-A. Helvetius. The central tenet of this school was that all psychological phenomena originated
effectively dismissed over a sex scandal) and he joined the advertising agency J. Walter Thompson to become highly successful in applying behaviourist principles to advertising. Academic behaviourism thus lacked a figure who could play a dominating role such as Sigmund Freud always played for Psychoanalysis. The divergences were of several kinds. • Some remained unhappy about excluding internal events and simply looking at overt stimulus–response (S–R) relations. Without wishing to readopt
1854). Why then did Cognitive Psychology appear so revolutionary in the 1950s – a view sustained by most of its historians? Certainly it was not the choice of cognition as a subject matter that was new. The answer is twofold: • • Cognitivism was seen as breaking behaviourism’s hold on experimental Psychology, supplanting it as the most productive theoretical orientation. This view has been keenly promoted by cognitivism’s advocates. In retrospect the ‘rebellion against entrenched behaviourism’
Putting psychology in its place / Graham Richards. – 3rd ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Psychology – History. 2. Psychology – History – 19th century. 3. Psychology – History – 20th century. I. Title. BF95.R55 2010 150′.9 – dc22 2009027983 ISBN 0-203-85460-8 Master e-book ISBN ISBN 978–0–415–45579–4 (hbk) ISBN 978–0–415–45580–0 (pbk) . . . every human being is making history all the time. We live in history as we live in air and we cannot escape it. C.V. Wedgwood
endure – there are no verbs ‘to anxiate’ or ‘to stress’ (in this sense – I can of course stress others and stress as ‘emphasise’ etc.) as opposed to passively feeling anxious or ‘stressed out’. And what of ‘despair’? This was not traditionally pathological, but the normal human response to certain situations, and carried a freight of religious significance in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as a stage which had to be gone through in one’s lifelong spiritual pilgrimage (e.g. John Bunyan’s