Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The Renaissance began at the end of the 14th century in Italy and had extended across the whole of Europe by the second half of the 16th century. The rediscovery of the splendour of ancient Greece and Rome marked the beginning of the rebirth of the arts following the break-down of the dogmatic certitude of the Middle Ages. A number of artists began to innovate in the domains of painting, sculpture, and architecture. Depicting the ideal and the actual, the sacred and the profane, the period provided a frame of reference which influenced European art over the next four centuries.
Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, Fra Angelico, Giorgione, Mantegna, Raphael, Dürer and Bruegel are among the artists who made considerable contributions to the art of the Renaissance.
Gothic forms of construction, even in those countries in which the Roman Church maintained its undiminished recognition. In Cologne as well as in Würzburg, churches were built, whose Gothic foundations were only hidden outwardly by Italian ornaments. This applies to a far greater extent to two churches, which were built for the Protestant cult right from the beginning. One is St Mary’s Church in Wolfenbüttel (1608) built by Paul Francke as the first large Protestant church construction, erected
Florence. Leon Battista Alberti, Sant’Andrea, c. 1471. Mantua. 108 Leon Battista Alberti was one of the outstanding personalities of the Renaissance. He employed the principles of mathematical perspective and developed a polished theory of art. Alberti came from an important Florentine family, who had, however, been banned from the town in 1387. When his family returned to Florence in 1429, Alberti, under the influence of Brunelleschi, Masaccio and Donatello, dedicated himself to the studies of
marble reliefs of the dancing children on the organ ledge in the Florentine Cathedral. His St George, created in 1416 for Or San Michele, was the first still figure in a classical sense and was followed by a bronze statue of David, the first free standing plastic nude portrayal around 1430, and in 1432 the first worldly bust, with Bust of Niccolo da Uzzano. Finally, in 1447, he completed the first equestrian monument of Renaissance plastic with the bronze Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata, the
Oil on canvas, 163.5 x 70 cm. Galleria Nazionale, Parma. Titian (Vecellio Tiziano), Venus of Urbino, 1538. Oil on canvas, 119 x 165 cm. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence. 165 AC Renaissance 4C.qxp 29/06/2007 4:57 PM Page 166 Hans Holbein the Younger (born in Augsburg in 1497 – died in London in 1543) Hans Holbein the Younger, The Ambassadors (Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve), 1533. Oil on oak, 207 x 209.5 cm. The National Gallery, London. Hans Holbein the Younger, Portrait of Henri
in the track of time. Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Peasant Wedding, c. 1568. Oil on wood, 114 x 164 cm. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienne. 169 AC Renaissance 4C.qxp 4/9/2007 10:40 AM Page 170 Veronese (Paolo Caliari) (born in Verona in 1528 – died in Venice in 1588) Paolo Veronese was one of the great masters of the late Renaissance in Venice. Originally named Paolo Caliari, he was called Veronese from his native city of Verona. He is known for his works of supreme colouring and for his