Routledge Companion to Intelligence Studies (Routledge Companions)
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The Routledge Companion to Intelligence Studies provides a broad overview of the growing field of intelligence studies.
The recent growth of interest in intelligence and security studies has led to an increased demand for popular depictions of intelligence and reference works to explain the architecture and underpinnings of intelligence activity. Divided into five comprehensive sections, this Companion provides a strong survey of the cutting-edge research in the field of intelligence studies:
- Part I:
- Part II:
- Part III:
- Part IV:
- Part V:
The evolution of intelligence studies;
Abstract approaches to intelligence;
Historical approaches to intelligence;
Systems of intelligence;
With a broad focus on the origins, practices and nature of intelligence, the book not only addresses classical issues, but also examines topics of recent interest in security studies. The overarching aim is to reveal the rich tapestry of intelligence studies in both a sophisticated and accessible way.
This Companion will be essential reading for students of intelligence studies and strategic studies, and highly recommended for students of defence studies, foreign policy, Cold War studies, diplomacy and international relations in general.
that the US should focus its power only on narrowly defined national security threats argued for a smaller, more targeted intelligence capability. This demonstrates the degree to which intelligence policy is really part and parcel of foreign policy-making. Once intelligence collection capabilities are built for purposes of threat perception and warning, they can and most likely will be used for broader foreign policy-making as well. For example, information acquired on a foreign country’s
focus on high-risk areas, namely the Security Intelligence Review Committee that reviews CSIS investigations and relationships, and the Office of the Communications Security Establishment Commissioner, which does the same for CSEC. These measures formalise, guide and review organisational interaction, allowing the agencies to safely exploit interdependencies in the face of increased environmental complexity. The second key trend has been tight fiscal control of the intelligence community,
finding out about these operations, as is likely the case for military intelligence even if reporters are embedded in some operations. Where reporters could especially make a valuable contribution to public and scholarly understanding of intelligence, but fail to, is on the subject of dissemination – especially how information and analysis is distorted by policy-makers in support of their political objectives. Indeed, the Times became part and parcel of this distortion when its reporters accepted
(2012) agrees, as well, that ‘the influence of intelligence on policy’ may be the most under-studied central topic in the field. A recent work by Pillar (2011), a senior CIA analyst, exhibits a profound scepticism that intelligence has any importance at all on policy choices. His judgement seems overly harsh, perhaps born of his frustrations with the dismissive handling of intelligence estimates by the second Bush administration. Clearly, much more research needs to be done on this topic.
is evident in the range of economic intelligence targets contained in a 1962 paper by the UK Ministry of Defence’s Joint 105 J. Peter Sampaio Davies et al. Intelligence Bureau (JIB) for an Intelligence Research Methods Conference (Crick 1962: 4). Economic intelligence ‘subjects’ were listed therein as: (i) Strategy for economic growth, effectiveness in realising economic capacity, acceleration or deceleration of growth, the amount of slack and degree of flexibility. (ii) Increases or decreases