The French Historical Revolution: The Annales School, 1929-2014, Second Edition
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
In this newly revised and updated edition of The French Historical Revolution, renowned cultural historian Peter Burke provides a critical history of this movement most associated with the French journal Annales, from its foundation in 1929 to the present. From founding historians Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch through the "new history" movement's best-known champions Jacques Le Goff and Fernand Braudel to current practitioners Roger Chartier and Serge Gruzinski, Burke traces and analyzes the contributions of one of the most important historical movements of the last century.
Lepanto was only a naval victory, which ‘could not destroy Turkey’s roots, which went deep into the continental interior’. It was only an event. Again, Don Juan’s capture of Tunis is described as ‘another victory which led nowhere’.17 Braudel is concerned to place individuals and events in context, in their milieu, but he makes them intelligible at the price of revealing their fundamental unimportance. The history of events, he suggests, although ‘the richest in human interest’, is also the most
the edge of Annales, Jean Delumeau, who had begun as an economic and social historian, shifted his interests from the production of alum in the Papal States and economic and social life in the city of Rome to the history of culture. His first move was in the direction of the history of the Reformation and then of the so-called ‘dechristianization’ of Europe. Later, Delumeau turned to historical psychology in Febvre’s sense of the term, and wrote an ambitious history of fear and guilt 82 The
patron-client networks, styles of life, mentalities, and so on. More controversially, relatively little will be said here about the journal itself, from the early days of Annales d’histoire économique et sociale, when many of the texts were written by Bloch and Febvre themselves (1800 out of 3876 between 1929 and 1948), to the present Annales: histoire, sciences sociales, the product of a much larger team, including professional administrators.11 Appearing every two months over 85 years, a new
Philippe Ariès on the history of childhood, Scandinavian specialists in folklore debating with Le Roy Ladurie about folktales, and economists and archaeologists reading Braudel on ‘material culture’ and the long term (as for serial history, the archaeologists have been practising it, under the name ‘seriation’, since the late nineteenth century).39 Some historians of literature, in the United States in particular, have cited the Annales historians in their own work. Howard Bloch, for instance
1921.25 18 The Founders: Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch Bloch’s commitment to geography was less strong than Febvre’s, while his commitment to sociology was greater. However, both of them were thinking in an interdisciplinary way. The two men obviously needed to meet each other. The opportunity was provided by their appointments to posts at the University of Strasbourg, thanks to the new dean of the university, Bloch’s former supervisor Christian Pfister.26 Strasbourg The Milieu. The