The Mayflower and the Pilgrims' New World
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Adapted from the New York Times bestseller Mayflower!
After a dangerous journey across the Atlantic, the Mayflower?s passengers were saved from certain destruction with the help of the Natives of the Plymouth region. For fifty years a fragile peace was maintained as Pilgrims and Native Americans learned to work together. But when that trust was broken by the next generation of leaders, a conflict erupted that nearly wiped out Pilgrims and Natives alike. Adapted from the New York Times bestseller Mayflower specifically for younger readers, this edition includes additional maps, artwork, and archival photos.
1623 with the Pilgrims Native Americans Massasoit • Pokanoket sachem Canonicus • Narragansett sachem Squanto • Pilgrims’ interpreter, originally from Patuxet (Plymouth Harbor) Epenow • sachem from Martha’s Vineyard Samoset • sachem from Pemaquid Point, Maine Passaconaway • sachem and powwow from Merrimack River in southern New Hampshire Aspinet • Nauset sachem Canacum • Manomet sachem Iyanough • Cummaquid sachem Corbitant • Mattapoisett sachem Hobbamock • Pokanoket pniese Obtakiest •
himself, who would have been in his early teens, was also present. Gosnold presented the sachem with a pair of knives and a straw hat, which he placed on his head. Then the Indians “all sat down in manner A nineteenth-century photograph of the Gosnold Memorial, which was • erected on the island of Cuttyhunk to commemorate Gosnold’s landing on American soil. 50 • PART I: DISCOVERY like greyhounds upon their heels” and began to trade. With the exception of mustard (“whereat they made a sour
settled in Leiden, a university town that could not have been more different from the rolling, sheep-dotted ﬁelds of their native England. Leiden was a redbrick maze of building-packed streets and care fully engineered canals, a city overrun with refugees from all across Europe. Under the leadership of their charismatic minister, John Robinson, their congregation had more than tripled in size. But once again, it had become time for them to leave. As foreigners in Holland, many of them had been
muskets were put aside. Squanto and Samoset spent the night with the Pilgrims while Massasoit and his men, who had brought along their wives and children, slept in the woods, just a half mile away. Massasoit promised to return in a little more than a week to plant corn on the southern side of Town Brook. Squanto, it was agreed, would remain with the English. As a ﬁnal gesture of friendship, the Pilgrims sent the sachem and his people a large kettle of English peas, “which pleased them well, and
bishops, with their courts, canons, and ceremonies, etc. had been so near, when I ﬁrst began these scribbled writings . . . or that I should have lived to have seen, or hear of the same; but it is the Lord’s doing, and ought to be marvelous in our eyes!” Until this spectacular turn of events, it had been possible for a Puritan to believe that America was where God wanted them to be. Now it seemed that England was the true center stage. In addition, the English civil war hurt the region’s economy.