The Revolution Betrayed

The Revolution Betrayed

Leon Trotsky

Language: English

Pages: 240

ISBN: 0486433986

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

With the revolution of 1917, the Russian people transformed their country into a workers' republic--but less than a decade later, Stalin and his bureaucrats seized power, leading to the state's corruption and ultimate decay. In this critique of Stalinism from the Marxist standpoint, Trotsky provides a brilliantly prescient analysis of the inevitable collapse of the Soviet Union that reveals the roots of the region's current unrest.

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He is either confused in the matter because he does not understand it, or he is consciously trying to confuse the question.” The amendment of the Opposition was rejected. But the illusion of a socialism to be built at a tortoise tempo, on a pauper basis in an environment of powerful enemies, did not long withstand the blows of criticism. In November of the same year the 15th Party Conference, without a word of preparation in the press, acknowledged that it would be necessary “in a relatively [?]

superstition of administrative plan and the illusion of administrative prices were ship-wrecked. If the approach to socialism means in the fiscal sphere the approach of the ruble to a distribution card, then the reforms of 1935 would have to be regarded as a departure from socialism. In reality, however, such an appraisal would be a crude mistake. The replacement of the card by the ruble is merely a rejection of fictions, and an open acknowledgment of the necessity of creating the premises for

fever, testifies to the continual pressure of petty bourgeois tendencies. How much danger to the socialist future is represented by the speculation bacillus is determined wholly by the general power of resistance of the economic and political organism of the country. The mood and conduct of the rank-and-file workers and collective farmers—that is, about 90 per cent of the population—is determined primarily by changes in their own real wages. But no less significance must be given to the relation

capitalism, was compelled by the course of the class struggle to leap over to the road of socialism. The contradictions in the sphere of Soviet culture only reflect and refract the economic and social contradictions which grew out of this leap. The awakening of personality under these circumstances necessarily assumes a more or less petty bourgeois character, not only in economics, but also in family life and lyric poetry. The bureaucracy itself has become the carrier of the most extreme, and

countries. The economic problems of the Soviet government in those years came down chiefly to supporting the war industries, and using the scanty resources left from the past for military purposes and to keep the city population alive. Military communism was, in essence, the systematic regimentation of consumption in a besieged fortress. It is necessary to acknowledge, however, that in its original conception it pursued broader aims. The Soviet government hoped and strove to develop these

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