The Routledge Handbook of The Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia

The Routledge Handbook of The Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia

Trevor Bryce

Language: English

Pages: 944

ISBN: 0415394856

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


This 500,000 word reference work provides the most comprehensive general treatment available of the peoples and places of the regions commonly referred to as the ancient Near and Middle East – extending from the Aegean coast of Turkey in the west to the Indus river in the east. It contains some 1,500 entries on the kingdoms, countries, cities, and population groups of Anatolia, Cyprus, Syria-Palestine, Mesopotamia, and Iran and parts of Central Asia, from the Early Bronze Age to the end of the Persian empire.

Five distinguished international scholars have collaborated with the author on the project. Detailed accounts are provided of the Near/Middle Eastern peoples and places known to us from historical records. Each of these entries includes specific references to translated passages from the relevant ancient texts. Numerous entries on archaeological sites contain accounts of their history of excavation, as well as more detailed descriptions of their chief features and their significance within the commercial, cultural, and political contexts of the regions to which they belonged.

The book contains a range of illustrations, including twenty maps. It serves as a major, indeed a unique, reference source for students as well as established scholars, both of the ancient Near Eastern as well as the Classical civilizations. It also appeals to more general readers wishing to pursue in depth their interests in these civilizations. There is nothing comparable to it on the market today.

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Damascus, and eastwards to the Euphrates. The united monarchy over which he ruled had allegedly been established in the reign of his predecessor Saul, and fractured during the reign of his son and successor Solomon into two kingdoms, Israel to the north and Judah to the south. There is ongoing debate about the historicity of the biblical account of Israel, particularly in view of significant discrepancies between the OT narratives on the one hand and archaeological and contemporary written

In C5, it belonged for a brief period to the Athenian Confederacy (see glossary), and in C4 it provided a place of exile for Ada, a member of Caria’s ruling Hecatomnid dynasty, after her expulsion from Halicarnassus by her brother Pixodarus. Ada voluntarily surrendered the city to Alexander the Great on his arrival in the region in 334, and was then appointed by him as queen of Caria (Strabo 14.2.17, Arrian, Anab. 1.23.8). Alinda may subsequently have been renamed Alexandria-by-Latmus; the

Türk Tarih Kurumu Fs B. and A. Dinçol – Alparslan, M., Dog˘an-Alparslan, M., and Peker, H. (eds) (2007), Festschrift in Honor of Belkıs and Ali Dinçol, Istanbul: Ege Yayınları Fs Burney – Sagona, A. (ed.) (2004), A View from the Highlands: Archaeological Studies in Honour of Charles Burney, Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement 12, Herent: Peeters HCBD – Achtemeier, P. J. (ed.) (1996), The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary, New York: HarperCollins HcI – König, F. W. (1955), Handbuch der

was named after a local god who became its patron deity, or whether the god Ashur was essentially a personification of the city itself. Under Shamshi-Adad I (1796–1775), the Old Assyrian kingdom reached the peak of its development, and Ashur the first high point in its history. During this period it was the headquarters of the great Assyrian international trading network, the home base of a string of Assyrian merchant-colonies established through northern Syria and eastern and central Anatolia.

ancient texts, generally in cases where there are no more readily available sources. Different scholars have different views on the chronologies of many of the ancient western Asian civilizations. This is particularly evident in discussions of the Bronze Age cities and kingdoms. High, Middle, and Low chronologies have been devised, which differ substantially from one another in the time-frames assigned to them by their proponents. Some scholars adopt one chronology, others another. There is a

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